If possibilities for a peaceful reunification should be completely exhausted, the state shall employ nonpeaceful means and other necessary measures to protect China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.Coupled with recent reports that China's military presents a growing threat to the US and the Asia region, this is a pretty unfortunate development. Further, the US is bound to assist Taiwan in defending herself. Consider this policy statement from the Bush Administration:
Our policy is based on the principle that there must be no use of force by China against Taiwan. We deny the right of Beijing to impose its rule on the free Taiwanese people. All issues regarding Taiwan's future must be resolved peacefully and must be agreeable to the people of Taiwan. If China violates these principles and attacks Taiwan, then the United States will respond appropriately in accordance with the Taiwan Relations Act. America will help Taiwan defend itself.
The Bush Administration's stated position, which is not really different from the prior policy, is that the US will defend Taiwan militarily. Well, nobody's really paying attention to this stuff (Iraq and Jen and Brad and all) but this is scary stuff.